Compiled by Abul Layth
The Shafi’i school states that combining the prayers (jama‘), whether Thuhr or ‘Asr or Maghrib and ‘Isha’, when it is raining is permissible (ja’iz) in the law, and a divine dispensation (rukhsah). See the proofs here. However, they are not unanimous regarding the shuroot (conditions) that are needed for it to be valid. This article will discuss the disagreements.
Ibn Naqib Al-Masri stipulates the following conditions for the validity of Jama‘ (combining prayers) at the time of rain:
[See Reliance of the Traveller 15.10, 15.14 (pages 194-196)]
Imam An-Nawawi stipulates the following in his Minhaj:
“And it is permitted to combine the prayers in rain praying them at an early time (i.e. praying the second prayer early), and in the ‘new school’ it is forbidden to pray it in its later time (i.e. for jama’), and the condition for praying it at an early time is that [the rain is] present at the time of the first prayer. The most correct view is that its conditional that it be present at the time at the end of the salams. Snow and hail are just like [the ruling of] rain if it is pouring. And the Ath-har (and he states Asa-hh – most correct view in Rawdat at talibin) is that this dispensation is for those who are going for prayer in jama’ah at the masjid that is far off and the rain creates difficulty for him in his path [to the masjid].”
Imam Al-Khatib Ash-Shirbini mentions a second opinion in his Mughni al-Muhtaj after mentioning the words of An-Nawawi regarding it be specific to the one going to the masjid: “And the second view is that it is an absolute dispensation.” ((Mugni Vol 1 470 ))
May Allah shower His blessing on the Prophet Muhammad, his family, his followers. Amin!
Download: [download id="2"]