Seeking Sacred Sunni Knowledge

Study regarding the Taurat

by Abu-Usaama

A focal issue put forth by Jews of our time for rejecting Islam, the Qur’an, and the prophet Muhammad is the idea that the Taurat(Torah) present with them has not been changed whatsoever. Sprouted from this idea comes arguments that they try to use to claim that what the Prophet Muhammad came with is false. In this article I will attempt to examine the authenticity of the Torah that the Jews possess today, expound on the position of Islam regarding it, as well as discussing some issues relating to it.

What constitutes the Taurat?

It is unclear what constitutes the Taurat, as there is no evidence to suggest that the Taurat affirmed by the Qur’an is the same Torah that exists in the hands of the Jews today. It is generally accepted by most scholars that the Taurat affirmed by the Qur’an was a revelation sent down upon Musa (Moses) alayhe salaam.

Imam At-Tabari mentions in his Tafsir that Ibn Zabeer said regarding the aayah “And He (Allah) sent down the Taurat and the Injeel” [3:3]:

التوراة على موسى، والإنجيل على عيسى

“The Taurat(Torah) upon Musa(Moses), and the Injeel(Gospel) upon Isa(Jesus)”

However, the word Taurat is not always used to refer to what was specifically given to Musa. For example, Al-Bukhari recorded, that it was said to Abdullah bin Amr to recount some of the traits of the Messenger of Allah (sws) mentioned in the Torah.

He said “He is described in the Torah with some of the descriptions in the Qur’an: “O Prophet! Truly we have sent thee as a witness, a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner,” –Al-Ahzaab: 45]

The Torah reads

“and a refuge to the unlearned You are my Servant and My Messenger and I called you; al-Mutawakkil, You are neither rude nor crude, nor boisterous in the markets. He does not answer an offence with and offence, but answers an offence with a kind good deed. He forgives and pardons, and I shall not take him to Me till I redress through him the crooked community, opening through him blind eyes, deaf ears, and closed hearts when they say there is no god but God”

There is a form of this prophecy in the Book of Isaiah of the Old Testament/Tanakh that exists today in the hands of the Jews and Christians. Ibn Al –Qayyim rahimahullah says in his work “Hidaayatul Hiyaara”:

“The reference to the Torah therein does not mean the Torah proper, the Book of Moses. The words: Torah, Gospel, and psalms, are sometimes used to mean the individual Books in themselves, and sometimes they are used to refer to the gender (Holy Books). Thus, the mention of the Qur’an may interchangeably be used to express the psalms (zabur), the Torah for the Qur’an, and the gospel for the Qur’an. In the Authentic Prophetic tradition it is mentioned that the Prophet said:

“The Qur’an was a light burden to David. In the time between saddling his riding animal and then riding it, he read the Qur’an.”

The word “Qur’an” here refers to David’s book “the Psalms (Al-Zabur). The same applies to His saying in the foretoken in the Torah: “A Prophet I shall raise for the people of Israel among their brethren (cousins). I shall send down upon him a Torah similar to the Torah of Moses.” The same usage of gender applies to the description of his (sws) community as in the former books:

“their Bibles are in their hearts”. [Hidaayatul Hiyaara]

What is considered the Torah by Jews today

The Jews today consider the Torah to consist of a written Torah as well as an Oral Torah. The word Torah can mean different things in their sight depending on the context it is used in. The written Torah is usually used to mean the whole Tanakh, or what Christians will refer to as the Old Testament. In the most limited sense they use Torah to refer to be the first 5 books of the Tanakh(old testament), which they believe were revealed to Moses. The Oral Torah is present in documents such as the Talmud and the Mishna. They believe that the Oral Torah or Law also was revealed to the Prophet Moses, and transmitted orally.

A portion of Taurat that was revealed to Musa that exists with the Jews today

Allah says regarding the Taurat:

وكتبنا عليهم فيها أن النفس بالنفس والعين بالعين والأنف بالأنف والأذن بالأذن والسن بالسن والجروح قصاص فمن تصدق به فهو كفارة له ومن لم يحكم بما أنزل الله فأولئك هم الظالمون

“And We ordained therein for them: “Life for life, eye for eye, nose for nose, ear for ear, tooth for tooth, and wounds equal for equal.” But if anyone remits the retaliation by way of charity, it shall be for him expiation. And whosoever does not judge by that which Allah has revealed, such are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong­doers – of a lesser degree).” [5:45]

A similar statement is found in the Book of Exodus in the Torah the Jews possess today (the part of the Tanakh they believe was revealed to Moses):

“3 But if there is serious injury, you are to take life for life, 24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25 burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise.

” exodus 21:24-25

The Oral Torah, or Talmud

In regards to the Oral Torah that the Jews possess, which they state was given to Moses (alayhe salam) then it must be admitted that it is a mixture of truth and falsehood, laws that may have originated from revelation as well as laws and decrees instituted by Rabbis and others . In the Jewish Encyclopedia it mentions 8 categories of information that exist in the Oral Torah that they possess, some of them include:

“Customs and observances (“taḳḳanot”) which were introduced at various times by different scholars. They are ascribed partly to Moses, partly to Joshua, but chiefly to the “members of the Great Synagogue or the Soferim, and are called also “Dibre Soferim.”

“Statutes and decisions (“gezerot”) decreed by the Sanhedrin or court, and generally accepted, thus becoming laws which could be abrogated only by another court superior to the first one in numbers and scholarship.”

“Statutes and regulations for which the scholars had no tradition or allusion in Scripture, but which they accepted as standards after deriving them from the customs and laws of the country in which they were living. These are called “Hilkot Medinah” (Statutes of the Country). The regulations, observances, and statutes included in the last three groups were not considered equal in validity to the written law, but were regarded merely as rabbinical regulations (“de-rabbanan”).”

Other parts of the Oral Torah(according to the Jewish Encyclopedia) include interpretations of the written Torah, decrees that exist from early prophets, as well as laws and decrees that are ascribed to Moses yet indiscernible (if they truly were given to Moses or not).

Sihr(Magic) in the Oral Torah (Talmud)

The Jewish Encyclopedia states:

“More abundant information is found in post-Biblical literature, especially in the Babylonian Talmud, where the great number of the passages alluding to magic furnishes incontrovertible evidence of its wide diffusion. It was, however, only the practise of witchcraft which was prohibited, for a knowledge of magic was indispensable to a member of the chief council or of the judiciary, and might be acquired even from the heathen. The most profound scholars were adepts in the black art, and the Law did not deny its power. The people, who cared little for the views of the learned, were devoted to witchcraft, though not so much as the Babylonians, Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans (Blau, l.c. pp. 17 et seq.). “Adultery and sorcery have destroyed everything” (Soah ix. 13); the majesty of God departed from Israel and His wrath came upon the world when the “wizards” became too numerous (Tosef., Soah, xiv. 3); Simon b. Shetah hanged eighty witches in a single day (Sanh. 45b); Ecclesiasticus (Sirach) xlii. 9-10 is quoted in Sanh. 100b with the addition of the words “When the daughter grows old she will probably deal in magic (see further examples in Blau, l.c. pp. 23-26).

This ingrained belief in magic infected even the scholars; for although they did not practise witchcraft for gain or for unlawful ends, they occasionally counteracted black magic by white. They were even able to create a calf when they needed food (ib. pp. 26 et seq.). Healing by means of white magic is not condemned except when the means employed are pagan or idolatrous. Many scholars consumed men with a glance, or reduced them to a heap of bones, but since this magic was regarded as a punishment for sins which had been committed, the passages of the Talmud which mention it take no exception to it (Blau, l.c. pp. 49-61). Exorcism also flourished, although not as widely as in Judæo-Christian circles (Acts viii. 9, xiii. 6-9). Jesus was regarded in the Talmud and by the ancient world generally as a magician (Sanh. 106b; Soah 47b; see Jesus in Jewish Legend). The Greco-Roman world regarded the Jews as a race of magicians (Juvenal, vi. 542-547; Suidas, s.v. ‘Eζεκίασ, et passim).”

Evidence of alteration from the Qur’an

Allah says:

“Then woe to those who write the Book with their own hands and then say, “This is from Allah,” to purchase with it a little price! Woe to them for what their hands have written and woe to them for that they earn thereby.”

فويل للذين يكتبون الكتاب بأيديهم ثم يقولون هذا من عند الله ليشتروا به ثمنا قليلا فويل لهم مما كتبت أيديهم وويل لهم مما يكسبون

According to Ibn Katheer, the above aayah referred to certain category of Jews.

Az-Zuhri said that `Ubadydullah bin `Abdullah narrated that Ibn `Abbas said, “O Muslims! How could you ask the People of the Book about anything, while the Book of Allah (Qur’an) that He revealed to His Prophet is the most recent Book from Him and you still read it fresh and young. Allah told you that the People of the Book altered the Book of Allah, changed it and wrote with their hands the Book. They then said, `This is from Allah,’ so that they acquired a small profit by it. Hasn’t the knowledge that came to you prohibited you from asking them By Allah! We have not seen any of them asking you about what was revealed to you.” This Hadith was also collected by Al-Bukhari.

وقال الزهري: أخبرني عبيد الله بن عبد الله عن ابن عباس أنه قال: يامعشر المسلمين كيف تسألون أهل الكتاب عن شيء، وكتابكم الذي أنزله الله على نبيه أحدث أخبار الله تقرؤونه غضاً لم يشب وقد حدثكم الله تعالى أن أهل الكتاب قد بدلوا كتاب الله وغيروه، وكتبوا بأيديهم الكتاب وقالوا: هو من عند الله ليشتروا به ثمناً قليلاً، أفلا ينهاكم ما جاءكم من العلم عن مساءلتهم، ولا والله ما رأينا منهم أحداً قط سألكم عن الذي أنزل عليكم، رواه البخاري من طرق عن الزهري،

Allah also says(interpretation of meaning):

Do you (faithful believers) covet that they will belive in your religion in spite of the fact that a party of them (Jewish rabbis) used to hear the Word of Allaah (the Tawraat), then they used to change it knowingly after they understood it?” [al-Baqarah 2:75]

Qutaadah said: “The phrase ‘then they used to change it knowingly after they understood it’ refers to the Jews, who used to hear the words of Allaah, then they altered it after they had understood what it meant.”

Mujahid said, “Those who used to alter it and conceal its truths; they were their scholars.”

Ibn Wahb said that Ibn Zayd commented,

[يَسْمَعُونَ كَلَـمَ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ يُحَرِّفُونَهُ]

(used to hear the Word of Allah (the Tawrah), then they used to change it) “They altered the Tawrah that Allah revealed to them, making it say that the lawful is unlawful and the prohibited is allowed, and that what is right is false and that what is false is right. So when a person seeking the truth comes to them with a bribe, they judge his case by the Book of Allah, but when a person comes to them seeking to do evil with a bribe, they take out the other (distorted) book, in which it is stated that he is in the right. When someone comes to them who is not seeking what is right, nor offering them bribe, then they enjoin righteousness on him. This is why Allah said to them,

[أَتَأْمُرُونَ النَّاسَ بِالْبِرِّ وَتَنسَوْنَ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ تَتْلُونَ الْكِتَـبَ أَفَلاَ تَعْقِلُونَ ]

(Enjoin you Al-Birr (piety and righteousness and every act of obedience to Allah) on the people and you forget (to practise it) yourselves, while you recite the Scripture (the Tawrah)! Have you then no sense) (2:44)”

All of these comments concerning the aayah are mentioned in Ibn Kathir’s Tafseer.

Other Evidence of Alteration

1)The Tanakh states (Translation):

8 ” ‘How can you say, “We are wise,
for we have the law of the LORD,”
when actually the lying pen of the scribes
has handled it falsely?

Jeremiah 8:8

2) Passages missing in today’s Torah (Old Testament) that used to exist

Ibn Taymiyyah, in his work “Al-Jawaab As-Saheeh” mentions statements of Daniel that existed amongst Jews and Christians at his time, that are not longer read amongst Jews and Christians today:

“God will cause them to prevail over you; He will send among them a Prophet and reveal to them a Book. Your necks will be under their control, and they will subdue you and humiliate you with the truth. The men of Kedar will emerge amongst the nations, accompanied by Angels on white horses. They will encompass you and your end will be the Fire. We seek refuge with God from the Fire.

Also: “I asked God and beseeched Him to show me what would happen to the Children of Israel and whether He would forgive them and restore to them the kingdom and send Prophets among them, or would that be given to others? The angel appeared to me in the form of a young man with a handsome face, and said, ‘Peace be upon you, O’ Daneil. God says: ‘The Children of Israel have angered me and rebelled against Me. They have worshipped other gods instead of Me. They have gone from knowledge to ignorance, from truth to falsehood. So I sent Nebechadnezzer against the, and he killed their men and enslaved their women and children, destroyed their places of worship and burned their books. Those who came after him did likewise to them. I am displeased with them and I will not help them when they face adversity. They will remain subject to My wrath until I send the Messiah, son of the virgin, and I will conclude the matter with curses and wrath. They will remain cursed and humiliated, until I send the Prophet from among the children of Ishmael, of whom I sent glad tidings to Hagar, when I sent my angels to her with glad tidings. I will send revelation to that Prophet, and teach him the names. I will adorn him with piety and make his way the way of kindness and piety. I will make his speech true and his nature loyal and fair and wise. I will bestow upon him a Book which will confirm the Books that came before him, abrogating some of that which they contain. I will bring him to Me on a journey by night, and bring him up from one heaven to another, ascending until I bring him close to Me and greet him with peace, and bestow revelation upon him. Then I will send him back to MY slaves with joy and happiness, taking care of that which is entrusted to him, learning by heart that which I tell him. He will call the people to worship Me alone with gentle speech and beautiful preaching, with no harshness or yelling in the marketplaces. He will be kind to his friends and merciful towards his enemies, calling his people to worship Me and Me alone telling them what he has seen of MY signs. Bu they will reject him and persecute him.”

 3) Admission by some Jewish Scholars

“The Bible was transmitted on papyrus and parchment in antiquity, and was changed as it was transmitted, at least in its earliest stages. It is naive to believe that we may recover the Bible’s original text (what scholars call the “Urtext”), namely the text penned by its original authors. The biblical texts found at Qumran among the Dead Sea Scrolls, and the evidence of ancient Bible translations-especially the Septuagint (the pre-Christian translation of the Bible into Greek)-suggest that even in antiquity, many different versions of the same text circulated.  The multiple forms of text in the Second Temple period confirms that we cannot, for example, assume that the text of Kings as we now have it is the same as the text of Kings when it was originally written.  “Though minor variations may exist in reasons given, in terms used, in syntax, or in the order of various injunctions, the basic injunctions are always the same. Are the differences then trivial? No, because they exist in the single biblical text that is supposed to contain the unmediated word of God. They teach us that the ancients did not transmit biblical texts like we transmit modern texts, using photocopiers and “cut-and-paste” word-processing programs. Rather, all biblical texts changed during their transmission. They were updated, expanded, and made to fit their broader context. If this happened to the Decalogue-which is ascribed directly to God-then it certainly happened to other texts, which would have been even more fluid. In any case, the many versions show that Exodus 20:2-14 cannot simply be seen as the words that God spoke on Sinai.”           “

-”How to Read the Jewish Bible” pg 22,  by Marc Zvi Brettler

 

He also states regarding the Decalogue (the Ten Commandments) on pg 67:

“There is a great deal that we do not know about the Decalogue. We cannot determine its original form, although we are sure that it is not currently in that form. We cannot pinpoint when, where, and how it became viewed so centrally in Israel-quoted in various prophetic and other texts. Nor can we easily discern its function (although we can rule it out as a collection of laws, since it contains no sanctions for violating particular norms). Despite these great uncertainties, it occupies a strikingly central position within Jewish, Christian, and indeed all of Western civilization.”

Some odd statements regarding Jacob

The Torah, specifically the book of Genesis which is considered by Jews to be revelation to Moses states:

“If God remains with me, if He protects me on this journey that I am making, and gives me bread to eat and clothing to wear, and if I return safe to my father’s house – the Eternal shall be my God.” (Genesis 28:20-22)

Rabbi Jordan D. Cohen said regarding this passage:

“This passage seems to be conditional. Jacob, fleeing from the wrath of his brother Esau and embarking out on his own for the first time, is a solitary man in the wilderness. Bedding down for the first night of this new chapter in his life, Jacob has a bizarre dream. God speaks to him from the dream and assures Jacob that he is not alone; God will be with him, will take care of him, will return him to his home, and will bless him and his descendants.

Jacob, awaking from his dream-filled sleep, perceives that something important has happened, but he does not seem entirely sure. And so Jacob responds cautiously. IF, in fact, God does do everything that was promised in the dream, THEN Jacob will be faithful to God.”

This is clear kufr that is apparently ascribed to the Prophet Jacob of which Allah says in the Qur’an regarding him:

و وهبنا له إسحاق و يعقوب نافلة و كلا جعلنا صالحين

And We bestowed upon him Ishaque (Isaac), and (a grandson) Ya’qub (Jacob). Each one We made righteous.

21:72

وَاذْكُرْ عِبَادَنَا إبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ أُوْلِي الْأَيْدِي وَالْأَبْصَارِ

And remember Our slaves, Ibrahim (Abraham), Ishaque (Isaac), and Ya’qub (Jacob), (all) owners of strength (in worshipping Us) and (also) of religious understanding.

[38:45]

However, other commentaries on the Torah, such as in the Midrash, suggest that Jacob was not doubting God in this statement.

The idea that Jacob wrestled with God

In the Book of Genesis it mentions a story in which apparently Jacob is mentioned to have ‘wrestled’ with God. The Jews explain it by stating that it was an angel and not actually God, although it is still a form of likening God to His creation. Allah says in the Qur’an:

لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَيْءٌ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ البَصِيرُ

“There is nothing like unto Him(God), and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.”

42:11

Some arguments used by Jews and Christians to prove that the Torah (here referring to the Old Testament) has not been changed

1) The Dead Sea Scrolls

Jews and Christians will often bring up the Dead Sea Scrolls in order to prove the authenticity of the Bible. Ironically, the Dead Sea Scrolls contain none of the New Testament, so it is interesting how the Christians could use this to prove the authenticity of their Bible. As for the Old Testament, the Dead Sea Scrolls only contain only some of it, and the small portions of it are barely readable, due to its existence in fragments. Even in these small readable portions, there are marked differences between the Dead Sea scrolls and the Torah text of today. According to Gil Student, “The Dead Sea Scrolls emanate from a sect that rejected the authorized version of its time and knowingly accepted deficient texts.” So how is it possible to use these texts to prove the authenticity of the Torah in the hands of Jews today?

2) The affirmation of the Qur’an and the Prophet Muhammad of the Taurat

This next argument is put forth to say that the Prophet Muhammad and the Qur’an affirmed the Taurat in the hands of the Jews at the time. Assuming that this is the case, this does not necessitate that the Qur’an is affirming the Taurat in the hands of the Jews today. It is also important to clarify what exactly the Qur’an is affirming.

Does the Qu’ran affirm the rabbinical laws and decrees invented as well as the decrees instituted by the Sanhedrin that exist in the oral torah that have no source from Musa(Moses) or revelation? The answer is quite clearly that this is not the case. How can something that has no source in revelation be considered Torah?

Does the Qur’an affirm any concepts or ideas that promote kufr (unbelief), or kibr (arrogance) that may exist in such documents, such as the rabbi in the Talmud that is said to have “debated God” in which God “admits defeat?” Obviously, this is not the case.

In this portion, I will attempt to come to a conclusion at what exactly the Qur’an was affirming in the hands of the Jews at the time of the Prophet Muhammad .

Allah says in Surah Al-Maidah:

“But how do they come to you for decision while they have the Taurat (Torah), in which is the (plain) Decision of Allah; yet even after that, they turn away. For they are not (really) believers.” [5:43]

وكيف يحكمونك وعندهم التوراة فيها حكم الله ثم يتولون من بعد ذلك وما أولئك بالمؤمن

Some Ahadeeth and their implications

وقال أبو داود: حدثنا أحمد بن سعيدالهمداني، حدثنا ابن وهب، حدثنا هشام بن سعد أن زيد بن أسلم حدثه عن ابن عمر قال: أتى نفر من اليهود فدعوا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إلى القف، فأتاهم في بيت المدارس، فقالوا: ياأبا القاسم، إن رجلاً منا زنى بامرأة فاحكم. قال: ووضعوا لرسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وسادة فجلس عليها، ثم قال «ائتوني بالتوراة، فأتي بها، فنزع الوسادة من تحته ووضع التوراة عليها، وقال «آمنت بك وبمن أنزلك» ثم قال «ائتوني بأعلمكم» فأتي بفتى شاب ثم ذكر قصة الرجم نحو حديث مالك عن نافع.

Abu Dawud recorded that Ibn `Umar said, “Some Jews came to the Messenger of Allah and invited him to go to the Quff area. So he went to the house of Al-Midras and they said, `O Abu Al-Qasim! A man from us committed adultery with a woman, so decide on their matter.’ They arranged a pillow for the Messenger of Allah and he sat on it and said,

ائْتُونِي بِالتَّوْرَاة»

(Bring the Tawrah to me.) He was brought the Tawrah and he removed the pillow from under him and placed the Tawrah on it, saying,

«آمَنْتُ بِكِ وَبِمَنْ أَنْزَلَك»

“I trust you and He Who revealed you.”

He then said: Bring me one who is learned among you. Then a young man was brought. The transmitter then mentioned the rest of the tradition of stoning similar to the one transmitted by Malik from Nafi’ (No. 4431).

“There is an issue with a transmitter in the hadeeth, Hishām ibn Sa’ad Al-Madanī..

Hāfith Ibn Hajr says about him in his Taqrīb, “Honest, having mistakes, and delved into shi’ism.”

In his gloss of the Taqrīb, Hāfith Shu’ayb Al-Arnā’ut and Dr. Bash-hār Ma’rūf take a stiffer stance upon him. They state, “Rather, he is weak yu’tabir bih (i.e. in order for his reports to be used one must have) in Mutaba’āt (followed up chains) and Shawāhid (witnessing reports). He was declared weak by Yahyā ibn Sa’īd Al-Qattān, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Ibn Ma’īn, An-Nasā’ī, Ibn Sa’ad, Ibn Hibbān, Ibn Abdul-Barr and Ya’qūb ibn Sufyān. Abū Hātim said, “Record his hadīth, but no support is sought in him.” Abu Zura’ah said, “His status is honesty”, and he said in another place, “Weak (wāhiya) in hadīth”. Al-‘Ijlī said, “His hadīth are permitted, Hasan Al-Hadīth.”

[Entry 7294 of Tahrīr Taqrīb published by Mu’assasat ar-risālah 1997]

This narration is alone in this action and statement of the prophet sws, and the hadeeth of Malik from Nafi’ does not mention it. Additionally, other ahadeeth in the Sunan of Abi Dawud, as well as ahadeeth of Bukhari , Muslim and others regarding this incident do not mention this.

If this hadeeth truly is related of the prophet sws, then what it affirms is a specific text which the Jews believed to be the Torah. What this text would consist of is hard to discern however.

Malik reported that Nafi` said that `Abdullah bin `Umar said, “The Jews came to Allah’s Messenger and mentioned that a man and a woman from them committed adultery. Allah’s Messenger said to them,

«مَا تَجِدُونَ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ فِي شَأْنِ الرَّجْمِ؟»

“What do find of the ruling about stoning in the Tawrah” They said, `We only find that they should be exposed and flogged.’ `Abdullah bin Salam said, `You lie. The Tawrah mentions stoning, so bring the Tawrah.’ They brought the Tawrah and opened it but one of them hid the verse about stoning with his hand and recited what is before and after that verse. `Abdullah bin Salam said to him, `Remove your hand,’ and he removed it, thus uncovering the verse about stoning. So they said, He (`Abdullah bin Salam) has said the truth, O Muhammad! It is the verse about stoning.’ The Messenger of Allah decided that the adulterers be stoned to death and his command was carried out. I saw that man shading the woman from the stones with his body.” Al-Bukhari and Muslim also collected this Hadith and this is the wording collected by Al-Bukhari.

Baajee said: “It is possible that the prophet sws knew by revelation that the ruling of stoning was in it (the Taurat of the Jews)… It is also possible that he was informed of this by Abdullah Ibn Salaam and other than him who became Muslim from them (the Jews)”

قال الزهري: فبلغنا أن هذه الآية نزلت فيهم { إِنَّآ أَنزَلْنَا ٱلتَّوْرَاةَ فِيهَا هُدًى وَنُورٌ يَحْكُمُ بِهَا ٱلنَّبِيُّونَ ٱلَّذِينَ أَسْلَمُواْ} فكان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم منهم، رواه أحمد وأبو داود وهذا لفظه، وابن جرير

Az-Zuhree said: “It has reached us that the aayah was revealed regarding them: “Indeed We sent down the Taurat in it is guidance and light, by which the prophet judged by it for the Jews.” And the Prophet (Muhammad) salallahu alayhe wasallam was from them[Meaning he judged for the Jews by the Taurat]. On the authority of Ahmad and Abu Dawud and this is his wording. And Ibn Jarir.

قَالَ الْمُنْذِرِيّ : فِيهِ رَجُل مِنْ مُزَيْنَة وَهُوَ مَجْهُول .

Al-Munthiri said (regarding the hadeeth) “in it is a man from Muzaynah and he is unknown”

In another narration by Al-Bukhari, the Prophet said to the Jews,

«مَا تَصْنَعُون بِهِمَا؟»

(What would you do in this case) They said, “We would humiliate and expose them.” The Prophet recited,

[قُلْ فَأْتُواْ بِالتَّوْرَاةِ فَاتْلُوهَا إِن كُنتُمْ]

(Bring here the Tawrah and recite it, if you are truthful.) So they brought a man who was blind in one eye and who was respected among them and said to him, “Read (from the Tawrah).” So he read until he reached a certain verse and then covered it with his hand. He was told, “Remove your hand,” and it was the verse about stoning. So that man said, “O Muhammad! This is the verse about stoning, and we had hid its knowledge among us.” So the Messenger ordered that the two adulterers be stoned, and they were stoned. Muslim recorded that a Jewish man and a Jewish woman were brought before Allah’s Messenger because they committed adultery. The Messenger of Allah went to the Jews and asked them,

«مَا تَجِدُونَ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ عَلى مَنْ زَنَى؟»

(What is the ruling that you find in the Tawrah for adultery) They said, “We expose them, carry them (on donkeys) backwards and parade them in public.” The Prophet recited;

[قُلْ فَأْتُواْ بِالتَّوْرَاةِ فَاتْلُوهَا إِن كُنتُمْ]

(Bring here the Tawrah and recite it, if you are truthful.) So they brought the Tawrah and read from it until the reader reached the verse about stoning. Then he placed his hand on that verse and read what was before and after it. `Abdullah bin Salam, who was with the Messenger of Allah , said, “Order him to remove his hand,” and he removed his hand and under it was the verse about stoning. So the Messenger of Allah commanded that the adulterers be stoned, and they were stoned. `Abdullah bin `Umar said, “I was among those who stoned them and I saw the man shading the woman from the stones with his body.”

The fact that the Prophet sws stated “what do you find of the ruling about stoning in the Tawrah” in some of the narrations shows that he could have known through revelation from Allah that it was a revealed ruling in the Tawrah; it may not necessitate that he was affirming the entire Tawrah that existed with them. However his reciting of the statement in Surah aali-Imraan according to some narrations:

“All food was lawful to the Children of Israel, except what Israel made unlawful for himself before the Taurat (Torah) was revealed. Say (O Muhammad SAW): “Bring here the Taurat (Torah) and recite it, if you are truthful.

” 3:93-94

كل الطعام كان حلا لبني إسرائيل إلا ما حرم إسرائيل على نفسه من قبل أن تنزل التوراة قل فأتوا بالتوراة فاتلوها إن كنتم صادقين

May suggest that he was affirming the Taurat text that was with them. Wallahu Alam.

Another proof that that the Taurat existed with the Jews at the time of the Prophet salallahu alayhe wasallam, or some of it at least, is the statement of Allah Surah Al-Baqarah

يا بني إسرائيل اذكروا نعمتي التي أنعمت عليكم وأوفوا بعهدي أوف بعهدكم وإياي فارهبون

O Children of Israel! Remember My Favour which I bestowed upon you, and fulfill (your obligations to) My Covenant (with you) so that I fulfill (My Obligations to) your covenant (with Me), and fear none but Me.

وآمنوا بما أنزلت مصدقا لما معكم ولا تكونوا أول كافر به ولا تشتروا بآياتي ثمنا قليلا وإياي فاتقون

And believe in what I have sent down (this Quran), confirming that which is with you, and be not the first to disbelieve therein, and buy not with My Verses a small price and fear Me and Me Alone. (Tafsir At-Tabari, Vol. I, Page 253).

Also:

وَلَمَّا جَاءهُمْ رَسُولٌ مِّنْ عِندِ اللّهِ مُصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَهُمْ نَبَذَ فَرِيقٌ مِّنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ الْكِتَابَ كِتَابَ اللّهِ وَرَاء ظُهُورِهِمْ كَأَنَّهُمْ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ

And when there came to them a Messenger from Allah (i.e. Muhammad Peace be upon him ) confirming what was with them, a party of those who were given the Scripture threw away the Book of Allah behind their backs as if they did not know! [Surah Al-Baqarah 2:101

Ibn Katheer mentions in his Tafseer:

“A-Suddi commented on,

[وَلَمَّا جَآءَهُمْ رَسُولٌ مِّنْ عِندِ اللَّهِ مُصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَهُمْ]

(And when there came to them a Messenger from Allah (i.e. Muhammad ) confirming what was with them), “When Muhammad came to them, they wanted to contradict and dispute with him using the Tawrah. However, the Tawrah and the Qur’an affirmed each other. So the Jews gave up on using the Torah, and took to the Book of Asaf, and the magic of Harut and Marut, which indeed did not conform to the Qur’an. Hence Allah’s statement,

[كَأَنَّهُمْ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ]

(As if they did not know!).”

Also, Qatadah said that Allah’s statement,

[كَأَنَّهُمْ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ]

(As if they did not know!) means, “They knew the truth but abandoned it, hid it and denied the fact that they even had it.”

In conclusion, if it is the case that the prophet sws was affirming a Taurat in the possession of some Jews at the time, it is difficult to discern what this Taurat exactly consisted of, other than the ruling of stoning the adulterer. The ruling of stoning may still exist in the Torah with the Jews today, yet it does not seem precisely stated:

If a man commits adultery with another man’s wife, both the man and the woman must be put to death. “Leviticus 20:10

The Irrelevance of the issue, because of naskh(abrogation).

The issue of how much the Taurat has been tampered with should not keep any Jew from embracing Islam. Belief in one Messenger necessitates belief in all Messengers. Allah says:

إن الذين يكفرون بالله ورسله ويريدون أن يفرقوا بين الله ورسله ويقولون نؤمن ببعض ونكفر ببعض ويريدون أن يتخذوا بين ذلك سبيلا

“Those who deny Allah and His messengers, and (those who) wish to separate Allah from His messengers, saying: “We believe in some but reject others”: And (those who) wish to take a course midway,-“

وْلَـئِكَ هُمُ الْكَافِرُونَ حَقّاً وَأَعْتَدْنَا لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَذَاباً مُّهِيناً

They are in truth disbelievers. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating torment [4:150-151]

Even if the taurat that is perpetuated as have been given to Moses by the Jews today in its text is to some extent similar as it was with Moses, the reality is as Muhammad salallahu alayhe salam said when he saw Umar reading from the taurat:

“ O! Omar! Are you in doubt? Have I not brought it (the Message) as clear as white? If my brother Musa (‘alaihi salaam) had been alive, he would have followed me”.

Narrated by Ahmed, Ad-Daarimi and others

Jews, as well as all people, are obliged to follow the rulings of the Qur’an, and what the Prophet Muhammad was sent with. The Law of Muhammad abrogates the former laws that Allah revealed. Allah sent the Prophet salallahu alayhe wasallam as a Messenger to all the jinn and mankind:

قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنِّي رَسُولُ اللّهِ إِلَيْكُمْ جَمِيعاً الَّذِي لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ لا إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ يُحْيِـي وَيُمِيتُ فَآمِنُواْ بِاللّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ النَّبِيِّ الأُمِّيِّ الَّذِي يُؤْمِنُ بِاللّهِ وَكَلِمَاتِهِ وَاتَّبِعُوهُ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ

Say (O Muhammad SAW): “O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all as the Messenger of Allah – to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He); It is He Who gives life and causes death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW), the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e. Muhammad SAW) who believes in Allah and His Words [(this Quran), the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) and also Allah's Word: "Be!" - and he was, i.e. 'Iesa (Jesus) son of Maryam (Mary), ا ], and follow him so that you may be guided.” [7:158]

Allah says in the Qur’an, regarding abrogation:

[مَا نَنسَخْ مِنْ ءَايَةٍ أَوْ نُنسِهَا نَأْتِ بِخَيْرٍ مِّنْهَا أَوْ مِثْلِهَا أَلَمْ تَعْلَمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ - أَلَمْ تَعْلَمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ لَهُ مُلْكُ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَمَا لَكُم مِّن دُونِ اللَّهِ مِن وَلِيٍّ وَلاَ نَصِيرٍ ]

(Whatever a Verse (revelation) do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring a better one or similar to it. Know you not that Allah is able to do all things? Know you not that it is Allah to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth And besides Allah you have neither any Wali (protector or guardian) nor any helper)

Ibn Jarir said in commentary, “Although Allah directed His statement indicating His greatness towards His Prophet, He also rejected the lies of the Jews who denied that the rulings of the Torah could undergo Naskh. The Jews also denied the prophethood of Jesus and Muhammad, because of their dislike for what they brought from Allah, such as changing some rulings of the Torah, as Allah commanded. Allah thus proclaimed to the Jews that He owns the heavens and earth and also all authority in them. Further, the subjects in Allah’s kingdom are His creation, and they are required to hear and obey His commands and prohibitions. Allah has full authority to command the creation as He wills, forbidding them from what He wills, abrogate what He wills, uphold what He wills, and decide whatever commandments and prohibitions He wills.”

Ibn Kathir(May Allah have mercy on him) also said: “ I (Ibn Kathir) say that the Jews’ dismissal of the occurrence of the Naskh is only a case of their disbelief and rebellion. The sound mind does not deny that there could be a Naskh in Allah’s commandments, for He decides what He wills, just as He does what He wills. Further, Naskh occurred in previous Books and Law. For instance, Allah allowed Adam to marry his daughters to his sons and then later forbade this practice. Allah also allowed Nuh to eat from all kinds of animals after they left the ark, then prohibited eating some types of foods. Further, marrying two sisters to one man was allowed for Israel and his children, but Allah prohibited this practice later in the Torah. Allah commanded Abraham to slaughter his son, then repealed that command before it was implemented. Also, Allah commanded the Children of Israel to kill those who worshipped the calf and then repealed that command, so that the Children of Israel were not all exterminated. There are many other instances that the Jews admit have occurred, yet they ignore them. Also, it is a well-known fact that their Books foretold about Muhammad and contained the command to follow him. These texts, in their Books, indicate that the Jews were required to follow the Prophet Muhammad and that no good deed would be accepted from them, unless it conformed to Muhammad’s Law. The Prophet brought another Book, – the Qur’an -, which is the last revelation from Allah.”

I know no place in the Torah in the hands of the Jews today that states that the commandments of the Torah would never be abrogated. One verse brought by Jews to suggest this point is:

“Know therefore that the LORD thy God, He is God; the faithful God, who keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love Him and keep His commandments to a thousand generations; “

Deuteronomy 7:9

Know therefore that the LORD your God is God; he is the faithful God, keeping his covenant of love to a thousand generations of those who love him and keep his commands. Deuteronomy 7:9 (New International Version Translation)

The problem with this is that the verse implies that there is a condition that the commandments would be kept for a thousand generations: if they are not broken. However, the Children of Israel did break the commandments according to other books in the tanakh/old testament. In the book of Daniel it is stated:

“I prayed to the LORD my God and confessed:
“O Lord, the great and awesome God, who keeps his covenant of love with all who love him and obey his commands, 5 we have sinned and done wrong. We have been wicked and have rebelled; we have turned away from your commands and laws. 6 We have not listened to your servants the prophets, who spoke in your name to our kings, our princes and our fathers, and to all the people of the land.

7 “Lord, you are righteous, but this day we are covered with shame—the men of Judah and people of Jerusalem and all Israel, both near and far, in all the countries where you have scattered us because of our unfaithfulness to you. 8 O LORD, we and our kings, our princes and our fathers are covered with shame because we have sinned against you. 9 The Lord our God is merciful and forgiving, even though we have rebelled against him; 10 we have not obeyed the LORD our God or kept the laws he gave us through his servants the prophets. 11 All Israel has transgressed your law and turned away, refusing to obey you.
“Therefore the curses and sworn judgments written in the Law of Moses, the servant of God, have been poured out on us, because we have sinned against you. 12 You have fulfilled the words spoken against us and against our rulers by bringing upon us great disaster. Under the whole heaven nothing has ever been done like what has been done to Jerusalem. 13 Just as it is written in the Law of Moses, all this disaster has come upon us, yet we have not sought the favor of the LORD our God by turning from our sins and giving attention to your truth. 14 The LORD did not hesitate to bring the disaster upon us, for the LORD our God is righteous in everything he does; yet we have not obeyed him. “ [Daniel 9:4-14]

Another verse brought is:

(Deuteronomy 13:1), ‘Everything that I command you, you shall keep and observe; do not add to it, and do not subtract from it.’ ”

However there is nothing to suggest that the commandments will not be abrogated. This is a prohibition to the followers of the torah to not add or subtract to it and also a command to keep and observe it, this does not mean that God will not command another Law. The Prophet Muhammad did not come with a law on his own accord, but rather God revealed it to Him. God can abrogate what He wants when He wants.

The Torah tells of another prophet who must be obeyed

The Torah in the hands of the Jews today clearly mentions another prophet that God will raise up like Moses that must be obeyed.

“I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him. 19 If anyone does not listen to my words that the prophet speaks in my name, I myself will call him to account.

Deuteronomy 18:18-19

This verse mentions a few things that clearly show that the prophet being prophesized is Muhammad salallahu alayhe wasallam. Firstly, it states that the prophet will be like Moses, which no prophet in history resembles Moses as much as Muhammad. The story of Musa (Moses) is the most frequently-mentioned prophetic story in the Qur’an.

Additionally, it may be inferred from the verse that the prophet mentioned here would come with a law from God that God would reveal to him, since this is what happened to Moses and is an attribute particular to him. So likewise it would be incumbent upon the Jews to follow the law God reveals to the prophet mentioned.

Secondly, it states that the prophet would be from among their brothers, meaning the brothers of the children of Israel; which logically would be the Ishmaelites. Ibn Al Qayyim, May Allah have mercy upon him, said regarding this:

“The brethren of the people of Israel are the people of Ishmael, for it does not stand to reason, in any language, to say that the people of Israel are the brethren of the people of Israel!. If someone is referring for example to the brethren of let us say Zayd, Zayd himself cannot be included among them.”

Additionally, this type of language may be found in other places in the Tanakh/Torah. For example it says in Judges 1:3

“Then the men of Judah said to the Simeonites their brothers, “Come up with us into the territory allotted to us, to fight against the Canaanites. We in turn will go with you into yours.” So the Simeonites went with them.”

In the Jewish encyclopedia it states that “in Judges 1:3 Simeon is styled brother of Judah.”

Thirdly, it states that the prophet would speak God’s Words in God’s name. This describes the Prophet Muhammad in that He was given the Qur’an which Muslims have no disagreement regarding that it is God’s Word, and almost every chapter of it begins in the name of God.

Additionally, the Prophet Muhammad is the opposite of what is mentioned in the next verse:

21 You may say to yourselves, “How can we know when a message has not been spoken by the LORD ?” 22 If what a prophet proclaims in the name of the LORD does not take place or come true, that is a message the LORD has not spoken. That prophet has spoken presumptuously. Do not be afraid of him. [18:21-22]

The numerous prophecies that the Prophet Muhammad made and came true are countless.

Imam An-Nawawi( May Allah have mercy on him) mentions some of these:

“His(Muhammad sws) informing of the places of death of the Day of Badr saying, ‘this is the place of such polytheists on the and-such a person.’ His informing of his killing Ubayy bin Khalaf, that a group of his nation would traverse an ocean and Umm Haram would be amongst them and this occurred. That all that was drawn together for him of the ends of the earth and displayed to him would be opened for his nation, that the treasures of the Chosroes would be spent by his nation in the Way of Allah, the Mighty and Magnificent. That he feared for his nation that they would be tempted by the wealth and allurement of this world and that the treasures of the Persians and Romans would be ours and that Suraqah bin Malik would wear the trousers of Chosroes.

He informed us that Hasan bin `Ali would reconcile between two large warring parties of the Muslims, that Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas would live such that nations would benefit by him and others would be harmed. That an-Najashi had died on this particular day while he was in Ethiopia and that al-Aswad al-`Ansi had been killed on this particular day while he was in Yemen.

That the Muslims would fight the Turks who were described as having small eyes, wide faces and small, chiselled noses and that Yemen, Syria and Iraq would be conquered by the Muslims.

He informed us that the Muslims would comprise three armies, an army in Syria, and army in Yemen and an army in Iraq. That they would conquer Egypt, a land whose [unit of land measurement] was the Qirat, that they should deal with their people well for they have protection [being Copts] and ties of kinship [through Hajar]. That Awais al-Qarni would come to you from the auxiliaries of Yemen, he would be afflicted with leprosy and it would be healed except for the space of a dirham, and he indeed arrived during the rule of `Umar.

He informed us that a group of his nation would always be upon the truth and that mankind would become many in number and that the Ansar would diminish in number and that the Ansar would not be given their due [with regards distribution of wealth and leadership]. That mankind would keep on asking questions until they would say, “Allah created the creation…” [Referring to the hadeeth, "the people would continue asking until they say, 'this is Allah Who created everything…but who created Allah?'" (al-Bukhari and Muslim)]

He informed us that Ruwayfi` bin Thabit would live a long life, that Ammar bin Yasir would be killed by the transgressing group, that this nations shall divide into sects and that they would fight each other.

He informed us that a fire would emanate from the land of Hijaz and the likes of this. All of this occurred exactly as he (sallallahu `alayhe wa sallam) said it would.

He said to Thabit bin Qays, “You will live being praised… and you will die as a martyr”, and he lived being praised and was martyred at al-Yamamah. He said to `Uthman, “He would be afflicted by a severe trial.” [The meaning of severe trial is his being imprisoned in his house and his being killed by the transgressors.]

He said about a person amongst the Muslims who had just fought a severe fight that
“He would be from amongst the denizens of the Fire”, and later he committed suicide. Wabisah bin Ma`bad came to him in order to ask him about righteousness and sin upon which he asked, “Have you come to ask about righteousness and sin?”

He said to `Ali, az-Zubair and al-Miqdad, “Go to the garden of Khakh for indeed there is Dha`inah” who has a book with her. [Dha`inah is the woman with whom Hasib al-Balta`ah (radhiAllahu `anhu) sent a letter to the people of Mecca in order to inform them of the plans of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alayhe wa sallam) to fight them. It was concerning this that the first verses of Surah Mumtahinah were revealed.

The garden of Khakh is a place falling between Mecca and Madinah. Refer to Bukhari [no. 3983] and Muslim [no. 2494] and Tafsir ibn Kathir [4/344]]

They found her there but she initially denied having the book and then took it out from within her braids.

He said to Abi Hurayrah, when Satan had stolen some dates, “Indeed he shall return” and he did. He said to his wives, “The most prolific of you in giving charity will be the quickest of you to join me.” and it was so [Zaynab bint Jahsh (radhi Allahu `anha) was the most prolific of them in giving charity and was the first to die. Refer to Muslim [no. 2452].]

He said to ‘Abdullah bin Sallam, “You will remain upon Islam until you die.””

Additionally, the Qur’an contains several prophecies that proved true.

The Jews waiting for the Prophet Muhammad before his arrival

Muhammad bin Ishaq narrated that Ibn `Abbas said, “The Jews used to invoke Allah (for the coming of Muhammad ) in order to gain victory over the Aws and Khazraj, before the Prophet was sent. When Allah sent him to the Arabs, they rejected him and denied what they used to say about him. Hence, Mu`adh bin Jabal and Bishr bin Al-Bara’ bin Ma`rur, from Bani Salamah, said to them, `O Jews! Fear Allah and embrace Islam. You used to invoke Allah for the coming of Muhammad when we were still disbelievers and you used to tell us that he would come and describe him to us,’ Salam bin Mushkim from Bani An-Nadir replied, `He did not bring anything that we recognize. He is not the Prophet we told you about.’ Allah then revealed this Ayah about their statement,

[وَلَمَّا جَآءَهُمْ كِتَـبٌ مِّنْ عِندِ اللَّهِ مُصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَهُمْ]

“And when there came to them (the Jews), a Book (this Qur’an) from Allah confirming what is with them.” [2:89]

[Tafsir Ibn Katheer]

Conclusion

In conclusion, the position of the Qur’an towards what the Jews possess today is the same as for all the previous scriptures in the hands of the Jews and Christians. Whatever of it agrees with the Qur’an is true and whatever disagrees is false. The Laws of the Qur’an are to be followed and abrogate the previous laws revealed by God.

15 Responses to “Study regarding the Taurat”

  1. Mustafa says:

    Salamu alaykum

    jazakallah khayr akhi! Nice research on the Tawrat

  2. just me says:

    mashaa Allah may Allah increase u in all thats good keep u safe from all that harms and benefit ppl through u, may knowlege which benefits u be increased, may u be firm and die on this deen, may u be granted patience and may ur heart always be at ease ameen ya rabb ameen much love fisibillillah as salamu alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatahu hayyakaAllah ameen

  3. Jew-Hater says:

    Mashaa Allaah! Another excellent refutation. Jazak Allaahu Khayran.

  4. Abul Layth says:

    Wonderful article bro Abu Usaama! Jazaakum Allahu Khairan!

  5. George says:

    Deuteronomy itself defines what is meant by “a prophet like you from among their brothers”. See the previous chapter (Deuteronomy 17:15) where it says, “be sure to appoint over you the king the LORD your God chooses. He must be from among your own brothers. Do not place a foreigner over you, one who is not a brother Israelite.”

  6. Mustafa says:

    Arabs are brothers to Israelites Their chains reach back to Abraham (Alayhis salam)

  7. Talut says:

    George,

    That can’t mean anything about a Prophet as God appoints to the office of Prophecy. Those who we appoint can only, without the aid of God, the Almighty, do what their natural constitution commands them to do.

    Talut

  8. George says:

    I guess I wasn’t very clear. The king of Israel had to be “from among your own brothers”, and this phrase is clarified by the next sentence, “Do not place a foreigner over you, one who is not a brother Israelite.” So the king “from among your own brothers” had to be a Jew, not an Arab. In the same way, the Prophet like Moses “from among your own brothers” is a Jew, not an Arab.

  9. Abul Layth says:

    1)Moses was not a jew: http://www.geocities.com/athens/parthenon/3021/moses.html

    2) The verse you have quoted is not the words of the king james:

    “Thou shalt in any wise set him king over thee, whom the LORD thy God shall choose: one from among thy brethren shalt thou set king over thee: thou mayest not set a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother.” (Deu 17:15)

    No mention of “not a brother israelite”.

    Here you can see the hebrew and it does not mention “not a brother israelite”, but “not your brother” so it seems to me:

    http://www.sacred-texts.com/bib/tan/deu017.htm#015

    The New king james also does not have that translation:

    you shall surely set a king over you whom the LORD your God chooses; one from among your brethren you shall set as king over you; you may not set a foreigner over you, who is not your brother.

    The same in the arabic, without the words you have added:

    فَإِنَّكُمْ تُقِيمُونَ عَلَيْكُمْ مَلِكاً الَّذِي يَخْتَارُهُ الرَّبُّ إِلَهُكُمْ، شَرِيطَةَ أَنْ يَكُونَ وَاحِداً مِنْ أَسْبَاطِكُمْ. يُحَظَرُ عَلَيْكُمْ أَنْ تُقِيمُوا مَلِكاً أَجْنَبِيّاً لاَ يَنْتَمِي إِلَى أَحَدِ أَسْبَاطِكُمْ

    [Arabic Life Application Bible]

    Thanks,

    Abul Layth

  10. An excellent article, Abu Usaama. May G-d reward you for your efforts. I would like to share the following passage from the Tanakh with George:

    אֵיכָה תֹאמְרוּ חֲכָמִים אֲנַחְנוּ, וְתוֹרַת יְהוָה אִתָּנוּ; אָכֵן הִנֵּה לַשֶּׁקֶר עָשָׂה, עֵט שֶׁקֶר סֹפְרִים.

    הֹבִשׁוּ חֲכָמִים, חַתּוּ וַיִּלָּכֵדוּ; הִנֵּה בִדְבַר-יְהוָה מָאָסוּ, וְחָכְמַת מֶה לָהֶם.

    “How can you say, “We are wise, we have the law of the LORD”? Why, that has been changed into falsehood by the lying pen of the scribes!

    The wise are confounded, dismayed and ensnared; Since they have rejected the word of the LORD, of what avail is their wisdom?”
    [Jeremiah 8:8-9]

  11. Ibn Anwar says:

    Assalamu’alaikum,

    Masha’Allah..this is a wonderfully well researched thesis. May Allah increase you in ‘ilm Sidi Abu Usama. Nice responses as well. May Allah guide us all unto haq. Wassalam.

  12. I agree with Dawoud bin Musa, ha emet adonai l’olam. (Tehillim 117)
    LET ALL THE NATIONS CELEBRATE HASHEM; LET ALL THE PEOPLE GIVE HIM PRAISE. FOR GREAT IS HIS LOVINGKINDNESS TO US AND HIS TRUTH IS FOR EVER AND EVER. HALLELUYAH!(praise you[plural] the L-rd.)

  13. Assalamu Alaykum

    Feel free to check out my research on this topic http://www.call-to-monotheism.com/does_islam_endorse_the_bible__

  14. Ibn Saad says:

    Check out Ibn Anwar’s blog too for dawah related stuff

    http://unveilingchristianity.wordpress.com/

  15. Ibn Saad says:

    I found an article, and I didnt know where to share it. I can’t believe they would say this about their own Prophet, quite sad and disgusting.

    http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20080304/wl_mideast_afp/israelreligionoffbeat_080304120710

    Moses was high on drugs: Israeli researcher
    Tue Mar 4, 7:07 AM ET

    JERUSALEM (AFP) – High on Mount Sinai, Moses was on psychedelic drugs when he heard God deliver the Ten Commandments, an Israeli researcher claimed in a study published this week.

    Such mind-altering substances formed an integral part of the religious rites of Israelites in biblical times, Benny Shanon, a professor of cognitive psychology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem wrote in the Time and Mind journal of philosophy.

    “As far Moses on Mount Sinai is concerned, it was either a supernatural cosmic event, which I don’t believe, or a legend, which I don’t believe either, or finally, and this is very probable, an event that joined Moses and the people of Israel under the effect of narcotics,” Shanon told Israeli public radio on Tuesday.

    Moses was probably also on drugs when he saw the “burning bush,” suggested Shanon, who said he himself has dabbled with such substances.

    “The Bible says people see sounds, and that is a clasic phenomenon,” he said citing the example of religious ceremonies in the Amazon in which drugs are used that induce people to “see music.”

    He mentioned his own experience when he used ayahuasca, a powerful psychotropic plant, during a religious ceremony in Brazil’s Amazon forest in 1991. “I experienced visions that had spiritual-religious connotations,” Shanon said.

    He said the psychedelic effects of ayahuasca were comparable to those produced by concoctions based on bark of the acacia tree, that is frequently mentioned in the Bible.

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