His name: عبيدة بن عمرو السلماني
‘Abidah ibn ‘Amru, and it is said ibn Al-Qays, As-Salmaani. He was nicknamed Abu ‘Amru Al-Kufi. According to Imam Al-Ijli and Hafith Ibn Hajr Al-’Asqalaani he accepted Islam two years before the death of the beloved Messenger Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). According to them however, he was unable and thus did not get the blessing of meeting our beloved Nabi Muhammad (‘alayhis salam).
Ibn Hajr continues, “He reports from ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (‘alayhis salaam), Abdullah ibn Mas’ud, Abdullah Ibn Az-Zubayr. Those who reported from him include, Abdullah ibn Salamah Al Ma(u)raadi, Ibraahim An-Nakha’i, Abu Is-haaq As-Sibi’i, Muhammad ibn Sirin, Abu Hassaan Al-’Araj, Abu Al-Bakhtari At-Taa’i, ‘Aamir, and Sha’bi and other than them.”
Imam Ash’ath reports from Muhammad ibn Sirin that he said, “I saw in Kufah four that transcended in fiqh; it began with Al-Haarith reporting from ‘Abidah and vice versa then ‘Alqamah being the third and Shurayh being the fourth.”
Imam Al-’Ijli says, “…And he was from the companions of ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib and Abdullah ibn Mas’ud and Ibn Sireen was foremost amongst the people in reporting from him.”
Imaam ‘Ali ibn Al-Madeeni called him, “One of the Fuqahaa’ (jurists) from the companions of Abdullah ibn Mas’ud!” Imam Yahyaa ibn Ma’in said, “Completely trustworthy (thiqah).” Ibn Hajr says in his Taqrib, “A great Tabi’i (the second generation), completely trustworthy and established. Makhdhram (one who saw both Jahaliyyah and Islam).”
All quotes taken from Tahthib At-Tahthib of Ibn Hajr Al-’Asqalaani entry number 5086 (published by Dar Ihyaa). Imam ‘Abidah As-Salmaani is mentioned throughout the works of tafseer (Qur’anic exegesis). In particular he clarified, authentically, the true meaning of the word Jilbaab used in Surat Al-Ahzab (33:59). To read more regarding it click here.